Kite & Lammergeler

Kite, a hawklike bird with long, pointed wings and a long tail. It is noted for its ability to soar and glide. Kites are found in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and from the southern United States to South America. They live mainly in marshes and woods, feeding on insects, snakes, snails, and small mammals. North American species are the swallow-tailed kite, a bird with black-and-white feathers and a deeply forked tail; the Mississippi kite, dark gray with a black tail; the Everglade, or snail, kite, dark gray with red legs (male) or buff with brown streaks (female); and the white-tailed kite, pale gray with white on the tail, head, and underparts. The black-shouldered kite, found throughout most parts of the world, resembles the white-tailed kite; the common names of the two birds are often used interchangeably. Several species of kites are endangered because of loss of habitat.

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The kite is noted for its ability to soar and glide.

How Do Kites Do?

This snail kite catches its food while flying. It snatches up dragonflies and other large insects with its claws. Or, it zooms past a tree and grabs a lizard or a frog from a branch. The kite also drinks while in flight. It flies down low over the water to sip.

Kites also do some of their nest-building tasks “on the wing.” Kites use twigs to build their nests. To gather the twigs, they fly over the treetops. They break off small branches while they are still in flight.

Kites belong to the family Accipitridae. The swallow-tailed kite is Elanoides forficatus; the Mississippi, Ictinia mississippiensis; the Everglade, Rostrhmus sociabilis plumbeus; the white-tailed, Elanus leucurus; the black-shouldered, Elanus caeruleus.

Kite is a common name for birds of the family Accipitridae. (Sumber)

  • Subfamily Elaninae
    • Genus Elanus
      • Black-winged Kite, Elanus caeruleus
      • Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus axillaris
      • White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
      • Letter-winged Kite, Elanus scriptus
    • Genus Chelictinia
      • Scissor-tailed Kite, Chelictinia riocourii
    • Genus Machaerhamphus
      • Bat Hawk, Machaerhamphus alcinus
    • Genus Gampsonyx
      • Pearl Kite, Gampsonyx swainsonii
    • Genus Elanoides
      • Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus
  • Subfamily Milvinae
    • Genus Harpagus
      • Double-toothed Kite, Harpagus bidentatus
      • Rufous-thighed Kite, Harpagus diodon
    • Genus Ictinia
      • Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis
      • Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia plumbea
    • Genus Rostrhamus
      • Snail Kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis
    • Genus Helicolestes
      • Slender-billed Kite, Helicolestes hamatus – formerly in Rostrhamus
    • Genus Haliastur
      • Whistling Kite, Haliastur sphenurus
      • Brahminy Kite, Haliastur indus
    • Genus Milvus
      • Red Kite, Milvus milvus
        • Cape Verde Kite, Milvus (milvus) fasciicauda – extinct (2000)
      • Black Kite, Milvus migrans
      • Black-eared Kite, Milvus (migrans) lineatus
      • Yellow-billed Kite, Milvus (migrans) aegyptius
    • Genus Lophoictinia
      • Square-tailed Kite, Lophoictinia isura
    • Genus Hamirostra
      • Black-breasted Buzzard, Hamirostra melanosternon

A few of the Perninae are also called kites.

  • Grey-headed Kite, Leptodon cayanensis
  • White-collared Kite, Leptodon forbesi
  • Hook-billed Kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus

Whistling Kite1 White-tailed Kite White-tailed Kite1 Yellow-billed Kite Square-tailed Kite Black-breasted Buzzard Black-shouldered_Kite Letter-winged Kite1 Bat Hawk Black Kite Black-shouldered Kite Black-winged Kite Brahminy Kite Brahminy Kite1 Double-toothed Kite kite-info0 Letter-winged Kite Milvus_migrans_2005-new Mississippi Kite Pearl Kite Plumbeous Kite Red Kite Rufous-thighed Kite Scissor-tailed Kite SAMSUNG DIGITAL CAMERA Snail Kite Swallow-tailed Kite Whistling Kite

Lammergeler

Lammergeier, a large vulture that lives in the mountains of Africa, southern Europe, and southern Asia. It is also called the bearded vulture and bearded griffin. It differs from other vultures in that its head is fully feathered. An adult lammergeier is about 42 inches (107 cm) long, with a wingspread of more than 9 feet (2.7 m). It is black to brown above, tawny below, with a white head and a black stripe on each cheek.

The lammergeier feeds on dead animal matter. It is particularly fond of bone marrow, which it obtains by carrying bones to great heights and dropping them on rocks. The female lays a single egg (sometimes two) about three inches (7.6 cm) long in a nest of sticks usually built on a rock ledge.

Lammergeiers are rare. They were formerly killed in large numbers because people feared (without justification) that they carried off children and domestic animals; the birds were also hunted as trophies. Since 1986, some lammergeiers bred in European zoos have been released into the wild; in 1997 one such pair hatched the first wildbred offspring in more than a century. In 1998 a lammergeier breeding center was opened in the Swiss Alps.

The lammergeier is Gypaëtus barbatus of the family Accipitridae.

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